Monday, January 3, 2011

Adverb Of Time and Place

                ADVERB OF TIME

  • Adverbials of time can be time expressions such as ‘last night’.

  • Adverbials of time can be prepositional phrases with ‘at’, ‘in’, or  ‘on’.

  • ‘For’ refers to a period of time in the past, present, or future.

  • ‘Since’ refers to a point in past time.

  • 1. We use adverbials of time to say when something happens. We often use noun groups called time expressions as adverbials of time.

    last year
    next Saturday
    next week
    the day after tomorrow
    last night
    the other day

    One of my children wrote to me today..

    So, you're coming back next week?

    We often use time expressions with verbs in the present tense to talk about the future.

    The plane leaves tomorrow morning.

    They're coming next week.

    2. We can use prepositional phrases as adverbials of time:
    • ‘at’ is used with:
      clock times: at eight o'clock, at three fifteen
      religious festivals: at Christmas, at Easter
      mealtimes: at breakfast, at lunchtimes
      specific periods: at night, at the weekend, at weekends, at half-term

    • ‘in’ is used with:
      seasons: in autumn, in the spring
      years and centuries: in 1985, in the year 2000, in the nineteenth century
      months: in July, in December
      parts of the day: in the morning, in the evenings

    • ‘on’ is used with:
      days: on Monday, on Tuesday morning, on Sunday evenings
      special days: on Christmas Day, on my birthday, on his wedding anniversary
      dates: on the twentieth of July, on June 21st
    3. We use ‘for’ with verbs in any tense to say how long something continues to happen.

    He is in Italy for a month..

    remained silent for a long time.

    will be in London for three months.

    4. We use ‘since’ with a verb in the present perfect or past perfect tense to say when something started to happen.

    Marilyn has lived in Paris since 1984..

    had eaten nothing since breakfast..

           ADVERB OF PLACE

    This adverb usually comes after the object, otherwise after the verb:

    We saw you there.

    We were sitting here.

    We looked everywhere.

    Note: somewhere, anywhere, follow the same rules as some and any:

    Have you seen my glasses anywhere?

    I'm sure I left them somewhere.

    I can't find them anywhere.


        after the main verb:

        * I looked everywhere
        * John looked away, up, down, around...
        * I'm going home, out, back
        * Come in

          after the object:
        * They built a house nearby
        * She took the child outside

    'Here' and 'there'

    With verbs of movement, here means towards or with the speaker:

        * Come here (= towards me)
        * It's in here (= come with me to see it)

    There means away from, or not with the speaker:

        * Put it there (= away from me)
        * It's in there (= go by yourself to see it)

    No comments:

    Post a Comment